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Aging and Disease    2013, Vol. 4 Issue (5) : 256-263     DOI: 10.14336/AD.2013.0400256
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Impact of Resistance Circuit Training on Neuromuscular, Cardiorespiratory and Body Composition Adaptations in the Elderly
Salvador Romero-Arenas1, 2, *, Miryam Martínez-Pascual3, Pedro E. Alcaraz1, 2
1Departamento de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte, Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte - UCAM, Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, Spain.
2UCAM Research Center for High Performance Sport - UCAM, Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, Spain.
3Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital General Universitario Santa Lucía, Cartagena, Murcia, Spain.
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Abstract  

Declines in maximal aerobic power and skeletal muscle force production with advancing age are examples of functional declines with aging, which can severely limit physical performance and independence, and are negatively correlated with all cause mortality. It is well known that both endurance exercise and resistance training can substantially improve physical fitness and health-related factors in older individuals. Circuit-based resistance training, where loads are lifted with minimal rest, may be a very effective strategy for increasing oxygen consumption, pulmonary ventilation, strength, and functional capacity while improving body composition. In addition, circuit training is a time-efficient exercise modality that can elicit demonstrable improvements in health and physical fitness. Hence, it seems reasonable to identify the most effective combination of intensity, volume, work to rest ratio, weekly frequency and exercise sequence to promote neuromuscular, cardiorespiratory and body composition adaptations in the elderly. Thus, the purpose of this review was to summarize and update knowledge about the effects of circuit weight training in older adults and elderly population, as a starting point for developing future interventions that maintain a higher quality of life in people throughout their lifetime.

Keywords strength training      physical training      older      body composition     
Corresponding Authors: Salvador Romero-Arenas   
Issue Date: 01 May 2013
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Cite this article:   
Salvador Romero-Arenas,Miryam Martínez-Pascual,Pedro E. Alcaraz. Impact of Resistance Circuit Training on Neuromuscular, Cardiorespiratory and Body Composition Adaptations in the Elderly[J]. Aging and Disease,2013, 4(5): 256-263.
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http://www.aginganddisease.org/EN/10.14336/AD.2013.0400256     OR     http://www.aginganddisease.org/EN/Y2013/V4/I5/256
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