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Aging and Disease    2014, Vol. 5 Issue (5) : 327-339     DOI: 10.14336/AD.2014.0500327
Catecholamines, Steroids and Immune Alterations in Ischemic Stroke and Other Acute Diseases
Juliane Schulze, Antje Vogelgesang, Alexander Dressel
Section of Neuroimmunology, Department of Neurology, University Medicine Greifswald, Germany
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The outcome of stroke patients is not only determined by the extent and localization of the ischemic lesion, but also by stroke-associated infections. Stroke-induced immune alterations, which are related to stroke-associated infections, have been described over the last decade. Here we review the evidence that catecholamines and steroids induced by stroke result in stroke-induced immune alterations. In addition, we compare the immune alterations observed in other acute diseases such as myocardial infarction, brain trauma, and surgical trauma with the changes seen in stroke-induced immune alterations.

Keywords ischemic stroke      immune      aging      catecholamines      steroids     
Corresponding Authors: Alexander Dressel   
Issue Date: 10 September 2014
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Juliane Schulze
Antje Vogelgesang
Alexander Dressel
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Juliane Schulze,Antje Vogelgesang,Alexander Dressel. Catecholamines, Steroids and Immune Alterations in Ischemic Stroke and Other Acute Diseases[J]. Aging and Disease, 2014, 5(5): 327-339.
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[8] Yali Chen,Mengmei Yin,Xuejin Cao,Gang Hu,Ming Xiao. Pro- and Anti-inflammatory Effects of High Cholesterol Diet on Aged Brain[J]. A&D, 2018, 9(3): 374-390.
[9] Wenzhi Sun,Jiewen Tan,Zhuo Li,Shibao Lu,Man Li,Chao Kong,Yong Hai,Chunjin Gao,Xuehua Liu. Evaluation of Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment in Acute Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury in Rats Using Diffusion Tensor Imaging[J]. A&D, 2018, 9(3): 391-400.
[10] Can Zhang,Nicole R. Brandon,Kerryann Koper,Pei Tang,Yan Xu,Huanyu Dou. Invasion of Peripheral Immune Cells into Brain Parenchyma after Cardiac Arrest and Resuscitation[J]. A&D, 2018, 9(3): 412-425.
[11] Chuanjie Wu,Di Wu,Jian Chen,Chuanhui Li,Xunming Ji. Why not Intravenous Thrombolysis in Patients with Recurrent Stroke within 3 Months?[J]. A&D, 2018, 9(2): 309-316.
[12] Changjun Yang,Kelly M. DeMars,Eduardo Candelario-Jalil. Age-Dependent Decrease in Adropin is Associated with Reduced Levels of Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase and Increased Oxidative Stress in the Rat Brain[J]. A&D, 2018, 9(2): 322-330.
[13] Lin-Yuan Zhang,Pan Lin,Jiaji Pan,Yuanyuan Ma,Zhenyu Wei,Lu Jiang,Liping Wang,Yaying Song,Yongting Wang,Zhijun Zhang,Kunlin Jin,Qian Wang,Guo-Yuan Yang. CLARITY for High-resolution Imaging and Quantification of Vasculature in the Whole Mouse Brain[J]. A&D, 2018, 9(2): 262-272.
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[15] Barbara Strasser,Konstantinos Volaklis,Dietmar Fuchs,Martin Burtscher. Role of Dietary Protein and Muscular Fitness on Longevity and Aging[J]. A&D, 2018, 9(1): 119-132.
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