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Aging and Disease    2014, Vol. 5 Issue (5) : 327-339     DOI: 10.14336/AD.2014.0500327
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Catecholamines, Steroids and Immune Alterations in Ischemic Stroke and Other Acute Diseases
Juliane Schulze, Antje Vogelgesang, Alexander Dressel
Section of Neuroimmunology, Department of Neurology, University Medicine Greifswald, Germany
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Abstract  

The outcome of stroke patients is not only determined by the extent and localization of the ischemic lesion, but also by stroke-associated infections. Stroke-induced immune alterations, which are related to stroke-associated infections, have been described over the last decade. Here we review the evidence that catecholamines and steroids induced by stroke result in stroke-induced immune alterations. In addition, we compare the immune alterations observed in other acute diseases such as myocardial infarction, brain trauma, and surgical trauma with the changes seen in stroke-induced immune alterations.

Keywords ischemic stroke      immune      aging      catecholamines      steroids     
Corresponding Authors: Alexander Dressel   
Issue Date: 10 September 2014
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Juliane Schulze
Antje Vogelgesang
Alexander Dressel
Cite this article:   
Juliane Schulze,Antje Vogelgesang,Alexander Dressel. Catecholamines, Steroids and Immune Alterations in Ischemic Stroke and Other Acute Diseases[J]. Aging and Disease, 2014, 5(5): 327-339.
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http://www.aginganddisease.org/EN/10.14336/AD.2014.0500327     OR     http://www.aginganddisease.org/EN/Y2014/V5/I5/327
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