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Aging and disease    2018, Vol. 9 Issue (1) : 133-142     DOI: 10.14336/AD.2017.0119
Review |
MicroRNAs and Presbycusis
Hu Weiming1, Wu Junwu2,3, Jiang Wenjing1, Tang Jianguo3,*
1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People’s Hospital, People’s Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou 310014, China
2Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Yiwu traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, Yiwu 322000, China
3Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Medical College of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310016, China.
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Abstract  

Presbycusis (age-related hearing loss) is the most universal sensory degenerative disease in elderly people caused by the degeneration of cochlear cells. Non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) play a fundamental role in gene regulation in almost every multicellular organism, and control the aging processes. It has been identified that various miRNAs are up- or down-regulated during mammalian aging processes in tissue-specific manners. Most miRNAs bind to specific sites on their target messenger-RNAs (mRNAs) and decrease their expression. Germline mutation may lead to dysregulation of potential miRNAs expression, causing progressive hair cell degeneration and age-related hearing loss. Therapeutic innovations could emerge from a better understanding of diverse function of miRNAs in presbycusis. This review summarizes the relationship between miRNAs and presbycusis, and presents novel miRNAs-targeted strategies against presbycusis.

Keywords presbycusis      microRNAs      target gene      progressive hair cell degeneration      aging     
Corresponding Authors: Tang Jianguo   
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These two authors contribute equally to this work

Issue Date: 01 February 2018
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Hu Weiming
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Tang Jianguo
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Hu Weiming,Wu Junwu,Jiang Wenjing, et al. MicroRNAs and Presbycusis[J]. Aging and disease, 2018, 9(1): 133-142.
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http://www.aginganddisease.org/EN/10.14336/AD.2017.0119     OR     http://www.aginganddisease.org/EN/Y2018/V9/I1/133
miRNAExpression with agingPossible targetInference
let-7 familydownregulatedTnfsf10/Caspase3/Birc5Regulate dedifferentiation, promote hair cells regeneration
miRNA-183 familydownregulatedSlc26a5 (prestin)/ Gfi1/ Pitpnm1/ Ocm (oncomodulin) /PtprqPromote hair cell differentiation and maturation.
miRNA-34 familyupregulatedP53/E74ALead to cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis/protect neural cell in the neuro-degenerative disease
miR-200c, miR-29a and miR-17upregulatedPTPN11/IGF-1/PIK3R1Enhance sensory and neural cell survival and differentiation
miR-124downregulatedDicer1Maintain normal neuronal functions and normal audition
miR-376downregulatedphosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase 1 (PRPS1)Regulate the development of the ganglia and sensory epithelia in the embryonic inner ear; keep normal function of spiral ganglion neurons and cells in the cochlear
miR-15a,
miR-18a
downregulatedSlc12a2/Cldn12/BdnfRegulate and control inner ear tissue differentiation and maintenance
miR-181adownregulatedP27Result in the production of new hair cells, and play an important role in auditory hair cell proliferation and regeneration
miR-29bupregulatedSIRT1/PGC-1αInduce cochlear hair cell apoptosis
Table1  the miRNAs involved in regulating age-related hearing loss.
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