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Aging and Disease    2018, Vol. 9 Issue (1) : 31-39     DOI: 10.14336/AD.2017.0221
Orginal Article |
Novel Modification of Potassium Chloride Induced Cardiac Arrest Model for Aged Mice
Huaqin Liu1,2,Zhui Yu1,3,Ying Li1,4,Bin Xu1,5,Baihui Yan1,6,Wulf Paschen1,David S Warner1,Wei Yang1,Huaxin Sheng1,*
1The Multidisciplinary Neuroprotection Laboratories, Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
2Department of Anesthesiology, The 4th Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China
3Department of Critical Care Medicine, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
4Department of Cardiology, The 5th Hospital of Tianjin, Tianjin, China
5Department of Environmental Health, China Medical University, Shenyang, China
6Department of Anesthesiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, China
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Abstract  

Experimental cardiac arrest (CA) in aging research is infrequently studied in part due to the limitation of animal models. We aimed to develop an easily performed mouse CA model to meet this need. A standard mouse KCl-induced CA model using chest compressions and intravenous epinephrine for resuscitation was modified by blood withdrawal prior to CA onset, so as to decrease the requisite KCl dose to induce CA by decreasing the circulating blood volume. The modification was then compared to the standard model in young adult mice subjected to 8 min CA. 22-month old mice were then subjected to 8 min CA, resuscitated, and compared to young adult mice. Post-CA functional recovery was evaluated by measuring spontaneous locomotor activity pre-injury, and on post-CA days 1, 2, and 3. Neurological score and brain histology were examined on day 3. Brain elF2α phosphorylation levels were measured at 1 h to verify tissue stress. Compared to the standard model, the modification decreased cardiopulmonary resuscitation duration and increased 3-day survival in young mice. For aged mice, survival was 100 % at 24 h and 54% at 72 h. Neurological deficit was present 3 days post-CA, although more severe versus young mice. Mild neuronal necrosis was present in the cortex and hippocampus. The modified model markedly induced elF2α phosphorylation in both age groups. This modified procedure makes the CA model feasible in aged mice and provides a practical platform for understanding injury mechanisms and developing therapeutics for elderly patients.

Keywords cardiac arrest      resuscitation      mouse model      aging     
Corresponding Authors: Huaxin Sheng   
Issue Date: 01 February 2018
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Huaqin Liu
Zhui Yu
Ying Li
Bin Xu
Baihui Yan
Wulf Paschen
David S Warner
Wei Yang
Huaxin Sheng
Cite this article:   
Huaqin Liu,Zhui Yu,Ying Li, et al. Novel Modification of Potassium Chloride Induced Cardiac Arrest Model for Aged Mice[J]. A&D, 2018, 9(1): 31-39.
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http://www.aginganddisease.org/EN/10.14336/AD.2017.0221     OR     http://www.aginganddisease.org/EN/Y2018/V9/I1/31
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