Intra-arterial Cold Saline Infusion in Stroke: Historical Evolution and Future Prospects
Longfei Wu1, Mitchell Huber2, Di Wu1, Jian Chen3, Ming Li1, Yuchuan Ding4, Xunming Ji3,*
1Department of Neurology and China-America Institute of Neuroscience, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. 2Department of Emergency Medicine, Ascension St. John Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA. 3Department of Neurosurgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. 4Department of Neurosurgery, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA.
Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is a perpetual threat to life and functionality due to its high morbidity and mortality. In the past several decades, therapeutic hypothermia has garnered interest as an effective neuroprotective method in the setting of AIS. However, traditional hypothermic methods have been criticized for their low cooling efficiency and side effects. Intra-arterial cold saline infusion (IA-CSI), as a novel hypothermic method, not only minimizes these side effects, but is also perfectly integrated with widely accepted recanalization modalities in AIS, thereby serving as a promising prospect for clinical translation. In this article, we review the historical development of IA-CSI, summarize major studies of IA-CSI in rodents, large animals, and humans to date, and suggest insight into future development prospects in the field of AIS. We hope that this article will provide inspiration for the future application of hypothermia in AIS patients.
Table 1 Summary of studies on intra-arterial cold saline infusion.
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